How to amend an older commit

Sometimes we need to update an older commit, this is solution to do it:

1. Do you changes and commit them.

2. Rebase your repository to commit you want to change:

git rebase -i {your commit id}~

3. Move your new commit directly after commit you want to update

4. Replace pick with fixup of your commit.

5. Save your changes

6. If there will be conflicts solve them and then use command:

git rebase --continue

RESTful API with Laravel

Resfull API with laravel

Watching this course I was more interested into REST api`s best practices and standards like HATEOAS implementation. I`v got understanding what HATEOAS is, and how it could be used. Also learnt again about oAuth authentification methods, scopes and so on. I consider very valuable information was about improving code base adding transformation layer.

Read more about transformation layer and it`s benefits:

PhpStorm keyboard shortcuts you cannot miss

When you develop on your IDE (in our case PhpStorm) is very handy to know at least base keyboard shortcuts and save your time. Personally I’m trying to avoid using a mouse and I feel it’s more funny and professional to work without it.

You cannot miss those commands:

Full keymap you can find in PhpStorm -> Help -> Keymap Reference, or directly here:

Linux install oracle instant client + PHP PDO_OCI library

Download appropriate oracle instant client
(base and sdk packages important!)

 Extract those files in a directory


Set oracle home variable

export ORACLE_HOME=/opt/instantclient_11_2/

Create symlinks for libraries

ln -s /opt/instantclient_11_2/ /opt/instantclient_11_2/
ln -s /opt/instantclient_11_2/ /opt/instantclient_11_2/
ln -s /opt/instantclient_11_2/ /opt/instantclient_11_2/lib

Install PDO_OCI
If you already have php installed, you can compile only the PDO_OCI from PHP source. (Do not install with pecl because it’s deprecated)

  • Download the PHP source with same version that you have installed
  • Extract
  • Change to directory php-YOUR-VERSION/ext/pdo_oci

Run commands to compile PDO_OCI

./configure --with-pdo-oci=instantclient,/opt/instantclient_11_2,11.2
make && make install
echo "" > /etc/php.d/pdo_oci.ini

Restart web server
service httpd restart